Heat stroke, a severe form of heat-related illness, is one of the three leading causes of death in athletes and likely the leading cause among athletes in July and August. Yet, heat illness is largely preventable.
When an athlete exercises, the body’s temperature is elevated and the body sweats to cool itself down. During this process, body fluids and electrolytes are lost. If the body is not replenished with fluids and electrolytes, dehydration can occur and increase the risk of heat related illnesses.